ADM Exploration Foundation

Project Policies and Procedures

  Project Mission

To support permitted geological teams by collecting data in the forms of survey maps, observations, water/mineral samples and detailed video and photography.
To support permitted archeological / paleontology teams for underwater artifact documentation consisting of, but not limited to photography and videography.
To support permitted archeological / paleontology teams for underwater artifact recovery, record keeping and preservation.
To support permitted biological and scientific teams with underwater specimen collection, documentation, and recovery.
To survey and document undiscovered caves, shipwrecks, and reefs.

  Project Infrastructure

This structure defines the lines of authority and accountability for a project:

First: ADM Exploration Foundation Llc. (AEF)
Second: Other Agencies working with AEF.
Third: Appointed Project Director (PD)
Fourth: Appointed Exploration Leader (EL)
Fifth: Appointed Dive Event Leader (ADL)
Sixth: Individual dive team leader
An "event" is a time period where one or more project dives will be occurring:
For every diving event, an overall event leader – titled as the Appointed Dive Event Leader (ADL) – will be appointed by the PD.

The ADL will be responsible for:
1. Ensuring that all dive team members, equipment, and surface support are properly coordinated to complete the agenda of all given dives during the event.
2. Providing a verbal debriefing of the dive(s) to the PD subsequent to the dive. However, the time of the debriefing will be estimated by the ADL and communicated to the PD so that an expectation of dive completion can be established.
3. Unless agreed upon to the contrary in advance of the event, the ADL will be responsible for collecting data from all team members.

For each dive, every diver will be classified and operate within the limitation of that classification. These classifications are both a "qualification" level and a per-dive operating level. This means that each diver must be signed off through each level.

See the Diver Qualifications document provided.
  Diver Classification

Open Water Support Diver: Support and other activities around the fracture (MOD ≤ 50 feet) - MOD= Maximum operations depth

Safety Diver: Support (MOD ≤ 120 feet)

Support/Safety Diver 1: Support (MOD ≤ 150 feet)

Support/Safety Diver 2: Support (MOD ≤ 220 feet)

Open Circuit Exploration Diver: (MOD ≤ 300 feet)

Closed Circuit Exploration Diver: (MOD 300+ feet)

The PD and EL will determine diving missions and priorities. As the circumstances dictate

Input is implicitly supported from all project members throughout the course of planning and execution of all dives. When a consensus cannot be reached, final strategic dive-related decisions will be made by the ADL and ratified by the PD. Any public relations statements will be made by the PD.

  Diver Certification

Openwater Diver: Allowed to complete any tasks trained for within the confines of openwater where direct unimpeded access to the surface is available. No-Decompression  (MOD ≤ 50 feet)

Advanced Openwater Diver: Allowed to complete any tasks trained for within the confines of openwater where direct unimpeded access to the surface is available. No-Decompression  (MOD ≤ 100 feet)

Cavern Diver: Allowed to complete any tasks trained for within the confines of a cavern zone where natural sunlight can be viewed. No-Decompression  (MOD ≤ 70 feet

Cave Diver: Allowed to complete any tasks trained for within the cave zone. (Diver Classification MOD

* All team divers beyond the Cavern Diver certification diving below 100 fsw must also be certified in the following dive courses.  Full Cave Diver, Nitrox, and Trimix. (trimix can include normoxic trimix and gas blending)

  External Actions of Project Members

Although this may seem obvious, AEF must emphasize that membership in a project carries significant responsibility, not only to the other project members, but also more importantly to the public and the diving community. Our individual actions and behavior will reflect not only on ourselves but also on AEF and the diving community.

As a project member, one must consider oneself as a representative of all of these groups and hold oneself to a highest level of professionalism. This is especially critical with any media attention. It is imperative that we do our utmost to present diving in a positive and productive light when discussing the project with others – especially the media. This attitude is to take pre-eminence over the desire to tell tales of personal glories.


On-Site Protocol


• All dive event dates will be pre-arranged by the Project Director
These dive event dates will be scheduled as much in advance as is practical.

• All Divers must have their Drivers license available and current emergency contact information and check in with the ADL and on file with AEF.

• There will be no littering, open fires, or destruction/damage of flora or fauna (excepting mosquitoes).

• For any dive event where there is more than one team diving, there will be at least one individual that will remain on surface to act as the “Surface Support Coordinator” – this person will be aware of the entire, detailed dive plan, including decompression and expected time to surface. If there is only one team, a Surface Support Coordinator is not required.

• The PD will assign individuals specific tasks to be completed to achieve a goal.

• Safety is always priority number one

Dive and Deco Gases • Bottle Labeling


All bottles will be marked with FO2, bottle-user, and initial fill pressure at the neck of the bottle via tape (e.g. “EAN 50” "Hemphill" and much smaller “3,300”). When marking gas percentages, show whole number, rounded up (e.g. EAN 50.5% should be marked as “EAN 51”)

Two “decals” will placed horizontally on each side of the bottle, carrying in LARGE letters the maximum operating depth for the mix, based on PO2 constraints (e.g. "120" would appear on the side of an EAN 32 deco bottle). The "decal" can be in the form of strips of duct tape, sticker-numbers, or stenciled numbers. The intent is for this decal to be easily read by team members.


Dive Gases


All Divers must follow the gas requirements listed below for bottom gas and deco gas. Gases must be re-tested on the day the cylinder will be placed in the water.

Bottom gases
Depth Max. O2%* Min. He%**

≤ 50 feet 36% O2 - HE N/A
≤ 120 feet 32% O2 - HE 0% (see note below)
≤ 150 feet 25% O2 - HE 25%
≤ 220 feet 18% O2 - HE 45%
OC ≤ 300 feet 14% O2 - HE 55%
CC 300+ feet 12% O2 - HE 60%
*Max. O2% means this is the maximum oxygen percentage you can use for the dive.
**Min. He% means this is the minimum helium percentage you can use for the dive.
You can use more helium if desired.
NOTE: If you desire to use helium in this mix, you can, just make sure it is labeled

Deco gases
These gases are primarily for open circuit divers, but will also apply to a closed circuit diver
who had to bail off of their rebreather and switch to open circuit. All bottles must be marked
accordingly and extra of each gas must be available onsite for each event.

Deco Stop Depths* O2% (exact)** Min. He%***

≤ 20 feet 100% O2 - HE N/A
≤ 70 feet 50% O2 - HE 0% (see note below)
≤ 120 feet 35% O2 - HE 25%
≤ 190 feet 21% O2 - HE 35%
≤ 240 feet (only needed
for exploration divers on a long dive)
16% O2 - HE 45%
*These MODs must be marked on the bottle (see Bottle Labeling above).
**O2% means this is the exact oxygen percentage you must use for the dive +/- 3%.
***Min. He% means this is the minimum helium percentage you can use for the dive.
You can use more helium if desired.
NOTE: If you desire to use helium in this mix, you can, just make sure it is labeled accordingly


Deco Gas Breaks


Exploration divers must take bottom gas breaks. For open circuit divers, take bottom gas breaks when you finish your last stop for a given gas before moving up to your next (higher PO2) gas. For example, take a back gas break at 80 feet before going to 70 feet and switching to a 50% mix. CC divers will have to lower their set points to perform a break. Also, exploration divers must take back gas breaks while on 100% O2. Breathe O2 for 12 minutes and back gas for 6 minutes.
For exploration divers, do a break at 40 feet for 15-30 minutes before entering the habitat.

Max. O2% Min. He%
21% 20%


Gear ConfigurationOpen circuit divers


All open circuit divers must dive in the Hogarthian/DIR style configuration on all dives.
• The primary second stage on doubles will be breathed off the long hose (7'), which shall be wrapped around the neck in the Hogarthian fashion. The primary regulator will be mounted on the post above the right shoulder.
• The back-up regulator (octopus) must be retained by a neck strap (necklace).
• Back up lights shall be clipped to the chest straps of the harness or placed in a pocket on your exposure suit.
• No items (including surgical tubing) shall be attached to the back of double cylinders.
• Primary light must be worn on the waist belt (Hogarthian style).
• Stage bottles should be clipped to the diver’s left side
Closed Circuit (CC) Divers
See separate documentation regarding CC configuration.
Dry suit inflation

All divers diving a dry suit must inflate their suits with either argon or air. Inflating your dry suit with a helium based bottom gas is not allowed. Helium does not insulate and causes too many counter diffusion problems.

Gear rules for each diver assigned to a mission


All divers are responsible for their own equipment and must have everything they need to complete a dive (e.g. if your mission requires two stage bottles, you must have the equipment to do this dive).
Prior to entering the water, all gases must be re-analyzed and all equipment must be checked for leaks and proper operation. If, onsite, you find that a piece of your gear is malfunctioning, you are responsible for replacing it with backup equipment that you bring. If you need to borrow a piece of equipment from another diver (such as a LP hose), the other divers on the mission must be okay with it. If you cannot get your equipment working in a safe and timely manner, you will be removed from that mission for that day. It is recommended that you bring spare equipment with you, such as extra batteries, backup lights, regulators, masks, hoses, etc.